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Map Serra da Bocaina: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
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Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
   
   

Fishermen’s trek, ethno-ecological trekking

Serra da Bocaina National Park and the ecological preserves of Joatinga and Mamangua, which back on to the mountains, offer formidable programs for trekking, hiking in the Atlantic Rainforest "Mata Atlantica"
Slopes can reach 600m for effectively a 5 or 6 hour walk per day.
The path follows the coast amidst lush vegetation, picture postcard deserted beaches with numerous paths carved into the cliffs offering incredible views over the coast.

As for the wildlife, it is as subtle as much as it can be noisy and vibrant…
 
Trekking in Brazil Paraty: Brazil Trekking Tours, Brazil Hiking Tours
 
Ponta Negra, the hospitality of a fishing village

In the evening we will make a stop at the little villages after the first day trek, which feel like they are at the end of the world (only accessible on foot or by boat).
We will be guests in a local’s home and will experience the true Caiçara (local population) spirit of hospitality.
They live from fishing and practice subsistence farming. The typical regional dish is of course fried or grilled fish accompanied by manioc (flour of root vegetable) and beans or feijão (the same black beans that the famous feijoada is made from).
According to the time of year this dish could be garnished with crab, octopus or prawns.
This original trekking itinerary is completely off-the-beaten-track, far from the hustle and bustle of the city.
It combines walking in an enchanted setting, and the sharing of life moments with the local people.
Depending on the options elected, the trek can be organized to last from 2 days for just a taste, up to 7 for the integral crossing of the preserves, an hiking itinerary that we opened at the end of 2005.

 
The project of lasting development

Within the ecological preserves of Joatinga and Mamangua are 12 communities of “caiçaras”, conserving the original culture in a region without any roads or electrical resources.
These fishermen communities submit to the constraints caused by living in an ecological reserve: prohibition of tree felling, hunting and construction and the all-important decrease in areas that can be farmed.
With the intensification over the last decade of industrial fishing and the ill-fated consequences reducing the volume of fish near the coast, the revenue from fishing is diminishing year by year.
Thus, while 10 years ago the “Caiçaras” were able to live fairly well from fishing and agriculture, the two resources have been strongly reduced.
The continuance of their way of life is being threatened. The young people reluctantly swell the ranks of legions of cheap labor in the big cities, leaving their homeland to possible real estate investors who get around the environmental laws.
The situation is however far from being without a solution and eco-tourism represents a real alternative solution. For the last 3 years, we have worked actively to develop the structure of some of these villages (Ponta Negra, Sono, Cajaiba).
The welcoming of small groups of hikers constitutes a significant source of revenue in the region. Two groups per month are in effect sufficient to compensate for the gap in earnings from agriculture and fishing.

In 2005 and confirmed in 2006, success was noted. Our objective is to assure the bringing of a minimum of 2-3 groups per month.

A fisherman earns about 15 - 20 R$/day (more or less 5 Euros).
The redistribution of money from tourism is real (Terra Brazil pays on the spot).
- A night’s stay with breakfast: 10 euros/person
- A meal based on local produce: 5 euros/person
- A fishing outing: 5 euros/person
- Local guide: 31 euros/day/group
- Participating in the improvement of the "flour house": 18 euros/group
- Boats for transport: 200 euros/group
- Canoes, excursions etc…

The development of an eco-tourism, concerned with promoting local culture with respect for the environment, has already had positive results:
- Creation of a source of supplementary income
- Improvement of receptive structures
- A professional qualification for young local people as a guide
- Encouragement to create a Caiçara Cultural Building

- Exchange between Brazilians and foreign visitors
Trekking from 5 to 7 days
Day 1 : PARATY - PRAIA DO SONO – PONTA NEGRA

Trek – 3-hour of actual walking - 200 meters of elevation gain- easy
Departure from Paraty at 08:30 for the village of Laranjeiras (30-minute trip by minibus), with our English-speaking guide. The trek starts by a short incline then enters the Atlantic forest (Mata Atlantica), at the heart of the "Ecological preservation area of Joatinga".
After an hour and a half of pleasant walking, we reach, at lunchtime, the hamlet of Sono, located on the border of one of the nicest beaches of the region, Praia Do Sono. Literally meaning “sleepy beach”, Praia Do Sono invites us, because of its name and also because as soon as we get back on the road, a short but very steep hill awaits us.
After this climb, the hike becomes a lot less demanding. This is the only difficulty of the walk.
We successively pass Praia Da Velha and Praia Dos Antigos before arriving, an hour and a half later in the fishing village of Ponta Negra.
We stop for the night in this hamlet at the end of the world, in the recesses of a cove with the waves dying on the white sand beach the only noise disturbing our sleep.
Everything included. Night in basic but welcoming huts (private bath and showers – mosquito net).

Note: In addition to the classic trekking equipment (hiking shoes, backpack, rain poncho…), take a sleeping bag style "meat bag" (in silk or fleece) along.
Day 2 : FISHERMEN’S LIFE IN PONTA NEGRA - PARATY

Life in the mountainous surroundings of Paraty has changed little over the last 50 years. The day is dedicated to the discovery of the life of a village living in near autarky thanks to the local resources.
The morning (depending on the weather report), we go fishing with the village men who explain us, while demonstrating, their fixed-net fishing technique.
Back in the village, we visit a manioc plantation and the "flour house" where the manioc is processed and reduced to flour.
After lunch, a local guide takes us to a waterfall of crystal clear water.
Depending on the season, visit of the village school, welcoming more than a third of the village population.

All included. Night in hut.
Optional day: PONTA NEGRA – SACO BRAVO – PONTA NEGRA

Trek – 5-hour of actual walking - 600 meters of elevation gain- difficult
A local guide takes us to the waterfall of Saco Bravo, a spectacular site just a few hours walk from the village. The excursion is worth the effort: to reach Saco Bravo we take a steep trail where uphill and downhill alternate. Once we reach our destination, we realize that our reward is well worth the effort; a river enters the forest, about 30 meters above sea level, forming a waterfall along a cliff, then dropping to a natural pool spilling over the edge into the waves crashing at the base of the cliff.
We enjoy this area for a few hours before heading back to the village of Ponta Negra.
All included (cold lunch). Lodging with local host.

Day 3 : PONTA NEGRA – MARTINS DE SA – POUSO DE CAJAIBA

Trek – 6-hour of actual walking - 650 meters of elevation gain- difficult
We follow our trek towards the Joatinga peninsula and start the day with a serious climb (elevation gain of over 500 meters in one push) at the heart of the tropical forest (2 to 3-hour ascent).
The descent allows us to recover. We walk along the coast of the Cairuçu peninsula for about 2 hours. The trail, often, overhangs the ocean, therefore offering viewpoints of the coast line without parallel, before reaching Martin de Sá beach, a beautiful sand-bar open towards the ocean and known as one of the best surf spots of the area. Surfers get here using steep trails, their surf and their tent on their back, to enjoy the powerful and consistent waves this area offers, year round.
The itinerary leaves the littoral and we enter deeper inland, in the ecological reserve of Joatinga, to get to the other side of the peninsula.
Another hour and a half is necessary to reach the village of Pouso de Cajaiba, nestled on the shores of another picturesque beach.
End of day open.

All included (cold lunch). Night with local host.
Day 4 : POUSO DA CAJAIBA – PRAIA GRANDE – SACO DO MAMANGUA

Trek – 6 to 7-hour of actual walking - 550 meters of elevation gain - difficult
Departure around 08:30. The trail follows the coast, on the inhabited side of the Joatinga peninsula. The villages, the interesting meetings and the beaches succeed one another until Praia Grande… almost a mile of fine sand licked by turquoise water.
Very close, a crystal clear water laguna and a waterfall offer the exhausted hiker the perfect resting place.
We spend some time on the beach before heading on. The climb is steep (550 meters of elevation gain); a narrow and sometimes uncertain trail leads us towards the Mamangua reserve, certainly the wildest place in the area.
From the pass, we discover the narrow and deep Bay resembling a Scandinavian fjord.
Once we get to Engenho beach, a boat takes us across the Bay, towards the "Refugio do Mamangua", where Paulo, biologist-writer, and Cristina, his wife welcome us.
Settled here for the last ten years, they are conducting a study on the equilibrium between a fragile ecosystem and its interdependency with human activity (fishing, oyster-farming, agriculture, tourism). If we are lucky, they will be available during our stay to share with us their true passion for the area. They welcome us in their bungalows, offering basic comfort (no electricity, but hot shower) and a guaranteed serenity.
Lunch included (breakfast on a beach on one of the islands, to be coordinated with the boat captain).
Dinner included. Night in a bungalow.

Optional day: PICO DO MAMANGUA

Trek – 2½-hour of actual walking - 450 meters of elevation gain- difficult
We cross the bay in a canoe to reach Cruzeiro, a quiet fishing hamlet on the shores of the Saco. We find ourselves at the base of peak Mamangua, also called "Sugarloaf of Mamangua", culminating at 440 meters. A one-hour ascent takes us to the summit, from where we enjoy a beautiful panoramic view over the Saco de Mamangua. We take the time to enjoy the scenery before descending, via the same itinerary, to the beach for a well-deserved bath.
All included (cold lunch). Night in a bungalow.

Day 5 : SACO DO MAMANGUA - PARATY

Trek – 2 hours of actual walking & 3 hours of canoe – difficulty: moderate
In the morning, we head to the end of the Bay for a canoe incursion of a few hours in the mangrove. Our craft, easy to maneuver and silent, is the ideal mean to get close to this pristine natural environment an its abundant fauna: egrets, ibises and kingfishers, but most of all to the enormous quantity of crabs, from the little red Siri with black legs, to the caranguejo, its huge cousin the size of the common crab, accompany us during the tour.
We leave our crafts to walk up-river a few hundred meters and enjoy the coolness of a natural pool.
After, we visit Regato, a little hamlet lost on the edge of the mangrove. We are welcome by Sir Jurray and his family, perpetuating the traditional lifestyle of the Caiçaras. For the last few years, an oyster farming project and the artisan confection of painted wooded boats replicates provide an alternative source of income other than fishing, which represents the principal resource of the area.
After lunch, Dona Gracinha invites us to witness the assembly of one of these miniatures, before returning with our canoe towards the Refugio de Mamangua. We recover our backpacks, and continue on foot towards Paraty-Myrim ("little Paraty"), located an hour and a half away.
Known for its beach and its ancient Portuguese church, this tiny village marks the limit of the ecological reserve.
After a last swim, we return to Paraty by local bus (30-minute trip).
Lunch included. Dinner open. Night in a pousada.

 
 

 

   

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